Abacavir
Abacavir is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor which is a purine gaunosine analogue. It is the sole approved guanosine analogue used for ...
Abciximab
Abciximab is an antiplatelet drug which inhibit the final common pathway of platelet aggregation by blocking fibrinogen and von Willebrand factor (...
Acamprosate
Acamprosate is an analogue of GABA. It decreases drinking frequency and reduces relapse drinking in abstinent alcoholics and appears to have effica...
Acarbose
Acarbose competitively and reversibly inhibits pancreatic α-amylase and intestinal brush border α-glucosidases, resulting in retardation of glucose...
Aceclofenac
Aceclofenac is an anti-inflammatory drug belonging to the Non steroidal anti-inflammatory group of drugs. It has profound analgesic and anti-inflam...
Acetazolamide
Acetazolamide is a diuretic belonging to the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor class. It inhibits the enzyme carbonic anhydrase in the proximal convolut...
Acetyl L carnitine
Acetyl L carnitine is acetylated form of carnitine. It is said to have better bioavailability and crosses blood brain barrier. (1)
Acitretin
Acitretin is a metabolite of the aromatic retinoid etretinate, is quite effective in the treatment of psoriasis, especially pustular forms. Its use...
Acyclovir
Acyclovir is an acyclic guanine nucleoside analog which inhibits the viral DNA polymerase. It is active against Herpes simplex virus-1 & 2, Ebstein...
Acyclovir
Acyclovir is an acyclic guanine nucleoside analog which inhibits the viral DNA polymerase. It is active against Herpes simplex virus-1 & 2, Ebstein...
Acyclovir 0.3%
Activity against HSV types I and II and varicella-zoster virus is due to intracellular conversion of aciclovir to the monophosphate by viral thymid...
Adapalene
Adapalene binds to specific retinoic acid nuclear receptors which normalises the differentiation of follicular epithelial cells resulting in decrea...
Adefovir
Adefovir is a nucleotide analog of adenosine monophosphate which inhibits viral DNA polymerases and reverse transcriptases and also HBV DNA polymer...
Adenosine
Adenosine is an anti-arrhythmic drug. Adenosine activates the potassium channels on atrium and sinus and AV nodes. This results in hyperpolarizatio...
Adrenaline
Adrenaline is a drug that acts as an agonist on both the α and β adrenergic receptors. Its action on the α adrenergic receptor decreases the vasodi...
Albendazole
Albendazole, a broad-spectrum oral antihelminthic is a benzimidazole carbamate class of drug. Albendazole thought to act against nematodes by inhib...
Alendronate
Alendronate is a bisphosphonate. It has direct inhibitory effects on osteoclasts. The antiresorptive activity involves two primary mechanisms: oste...
Allopurinol
Allopurinol inhibits xanthine oxidase and prevents the synthesis of urate from hypoxanthine and xanthine. Allopurinol facilitates the dissolution o...
Alpha Interferons
Interferons are cytokines which have antiviral, immunomodulatory, and antiproliferative activities. Interferons stimulate the cytotoxic activity of...
Alpha lipoic acid
Alpha lipoic acid is an anti-oxidant which is easily absorbed through oral route, it has antioxidant property even in membrane bound as well as sol...
Alprazolam
Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine. It promotes the binding of the major inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) to the GABAA subtype of...
Amantadine
Amantadine is a tricyclic amine which inhibits the replication of the influenza A virus. It inhibits the viral uncoating and also late assembly of ...
Amantadine
Amantadine is a tricyclic amine which is used in the treatment of parkinsonism. It has direct and indirect effects on dopamine neurons. Recent stud...
Amifostine
Amifostine is a sulfydryl compound. Amifostine is a prodrug that is dephosphorylated by alkaline phosphatase in tissues to a pharmacologically ac...
Amikacin
Amikacin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. It has activity against aerobic gram negative bacteria like Citrobacter fundii, E. coli, Enterobacter spp...
Amineptine
Amineptine was approved in france for treatment of depression but its use has been discontinued after reports of severe hepatotoxicity emerged. Its...
Aminocaproic Acid
Aminocaproic acid is an antifibrinolytic drug which competes which competes for lysine binding sites of plasminogen and plasmin thus inhibiting the...
Aminophylline
Aminophylline is a 2:1 complex of theophylline and ethylenediamine. It has two distinct actions in the airways of patients with reversible obstruct...
Amiodarone
Amiodarone is an anti-arrhythmic drug with multiple mechanisms of action. It inhibits the sodium channels, the potassium channels and the calcium c...
Amitriptyline
Amitriptyline is a tricyclic inhibitor drug. Though SSRI are more commonly prescribed today for the indication of moderate to severe depression, mi...
Amlodipine
Amlodipine relaxes peripheral and coronary vascular smooth muscle. It produces coronary vasodilation by inhibiting the entry of Ca ions into the vo...
Amlodipine + enalapril
Amlodipine is a 1,4-dihydropyridine-derivative calcium-channel blocker. Enalapril is a pro-drug; following oral administration, it is bioactivated ...
Amlodipne + atenolol
Atenolol is a cardioselective beta blocker. Amlodipine is a dihydropyridine calcium-channel blocker that blocks the transmembrane influx of calcium...
Amlodipne + atorvastatin
Amlodipine is a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker which relaxes peripheral and coronary vascular smooth muscle. It produces coronary vasodila...
Amlodipne + lisinopril
Amlodipine is a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker that inhibits transmembrane influx of calcium ions into the vascular smooth muscle and card...
Amoxapine
Amoxapine is an antidepressant of the dibenzoxazepine class, chemically distinct from the dibenzazepines, dibenzocycloheptenes, and dibenzoxepines....
Amoxycillin
Amoxycillin Amoxicillin is penicillinase-susceptible semi-synthetic penicillin. It is active against meningococci and L. monocytogenes are sensit...
Amoxycillin & Clavulanic acid
Amoxicillin is penicillinase-susceptible semi-synthetic penicillin. It causes cell wall synthesis inhibition. It is active against meningococci an...
Amphotericin B
Amphotericin B is a polyene macrolide with antifungal activity. It is available in 4 formulations: conventional amphotericin B (C-AMB), liposomal a...
Ampicillin
Ampicillin is an aminopenicillin and is bactericidal for both gram-positive and gram negative organisms. The bacteria susceptible to this drug incl...
Ampicillin & Sulbactam:
Ampicillin is an aminopenicillin and is bactericidal for both gram-positive and gram negative organisms. The bacteria susceptible to this drug incl...
Anastrozole
Anastrozole prevents conversion of androstenedione to estrone and testosterone to oestradiol by inhibiting aromatase, thus leading to significantly...
Antisnake venom
Snake antivenom sera are the only specific treatment available but they can produce severe adverse reactions. They are generally only used if there...
Apraclonidine
Apraclonidine is a drug used in the treatment of glaucoma. It is a selective α2 adrenergic agonist and is lipophilic, which aids its easy corneal p...
Aprepitant
Aprepitant is an antiemetic drug. It is an antagonist at the NK1 receptor of the substance P and useful in conditions of delayed vomiting which are...
Aprotinin
Aprotinin is a serine protease inhibitor (serpin) that inhibits fibrinolysis by free plasmin and may have other antihemorrhagic effects as well. I...
Aripiprazole
Aripiprazole is a partial D2 antagonist. It inhibits effects of DA and reduces stimulation at the D2 receptor. It is an atypical or ‘second- genera...
Arteether
Arteether is a semisynthetic derivative of Artemisinin. It is used in the treatment of malaria in as a part of combination therapy with other antim...
Artemether
Artemether is a semisynthetic derivative of Artemisinin. It is used in the treatment of malaria alongwith combination of lumefantrine. (1)
Ascorbic acid
Ascorbic acid is reversibly oxidized to dehydroascorbic acid in the body. These two forms of the vitamin are believed to be important in oxidation-...
Aspirin
Aspirin is a platelet inhibitor which acts by inhibition of the COX-1 enzyme. This results in decreased levels of thromboxane A2 resulting in decre...
Aspirin
Aspirin acetylates the cyclooxygenase enzyme and thus inhibits it irreversibly. The analgesic activity of aspirin is mainly related to this mechan...
Aspirin
Aspirin is indicated for headache, transient musculo-skeletal pain, dysmenorrhoea and pyrexia. In inflammatory conditions, most physicians prefer a...
Atenolol
Atenolol is a β- adrenergic receptor antagonist. It is available for parenteral use and oral use as a tablet.(1)
Atorvastatin
Atorvastatin is a Hmg-CoA reductase inhibitor. It is primarily indicated in secondary prevention of myocardial infarction and stroke in pat...
Atracurium
Atracurium besilate blocks neural transmission at the neuromuscular junction by competitive binding at the cholinergic receptor sites on the motor ...
Atropine
Atropine is an anticholinergic drug. It blocks the cholinergic stimulation to the accommodative muscle of the ciliary body and the sphincter muscle...
Atropine sulphate
Atropine is an antimuscarinic drug. It inhibits the muscarinic actions of acetylcholine. The acetylcholine antagonism is competitive and can be sur...
Azacitidine
Azacitidine is a cytidine analogue. It readily enters tumor cells, becomes activated by intracellular enzyme, gets incorporated into DNA and thereb...
Azathioprine
Azathioprine is a purine antimetabolite. Following exposure to nucleophiles such as glutathione, azathioprine is cleaved to 6-mercaptopurine, which...
Azelastine
Azelatine is a H1 anti- histaminic useful in acute types of allergy. Its effect is confined to the suppression of symptoms attributable to the hist...
Azithromycin
Azithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic. It is less active than erythromycin against gram positive bacteria but more active against H.influenzae. It...
Aztreonam
It is a novel β-lactam antibiotic in which the other ring is missing (hence monobactam). It inhibits gram-negative enteric bacilli and H. influenza...
Bacillus closii spores
B. closii spores are poly- antibiotic resistant and are used as probiotics. They are supplied in tablet or capsule form which contains 2 X 109 spor...
Baclofen
Baclofen is a GABAb receptor agonist which acts to restore the lost inhibition by stimulating postsynaptic GABA receptors. Baclofen is capable of i...
Bambuterol
Bambuterol is an oral β2 agonist. It is available as a slow- release preparation. It is a pro- drug that slowly releases terbutaline. It relaxes br...
BCG vaccine
BCG Vaccine for percutaneous use is an attenuated, live culture preparation of the Bacillus of Calmette and Guerin (BCG) strain of Mycobacterium bo...
Beclomethasone (topical)
Beclometasone controls the rate of protein synthesis, depresses the migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, fibroblasts, reverses capillary perm...
Benzafibrate
Benzafibrate is a lipid regulating agent. It decreases levels of VLDL and, in some patients, LDL as well. It functions primarily as ligands for the...
Benzocaine
Benzocaine is an anesthetic of lower solubility and consequently too slowly absorbed to be toxic. They can be applied directly to wounds and ulcera...
Benzoyl peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide has mild keratolytic effect and antimicrobial activity which is attributed to its oxidative property. It is active against S.epide...
Benzyl benzoate
Benzyl benzoate is an agent active against Sarcoptes scabiei which is the mite responsible for causing scabies. (1)
Benzyl penicillin
Benzylpenicillin has the highest antimicrobial activity amongst natural penicillins and is the only natural penicillin used clinically. It is highl...
Betamethasone
Betamethasone is a corticosteroid with mainly glucocorticoid activity. It prevents and controls inflammation by controlling the rate of protein syn...
Betamethasone
Betamethasone is a corticosteroid with mainly glucocorticoid activity. It prevents and controls inflammation by controlling the rate of protein syn...
Betaxolol
Betaxolol is a cardioselective β-blocker which has greater affinity for β1-receptors and has little or no effect on β2-receptors. It also causes th...
Bicalutamide
Bicalutamide competes with androgen for the binding of androgen receptors, consequently blocking the action of androgens of adrenal and testicular ...
Bisacodyl
Bisacodyl is available in tablet and suppository formulations for the treatment of acute and chronic constipation. It also is used in conjunction w...
Bismuth salt
Bismuth compounds may be as effective as cimetidine in patients with peptic ulcers and are frequently prescribed in combination with antibiotics to...
Bisoprolol
Bisoprolol is a cardioselective β- adrenergic receptor antagonist. It is available for oral use as a tablet.(1)
Bivalirudin
Bivalirudin is a direct thrombin inhibitor with a structure similar to lepirudin. It is used as an alternative to heparin in patients of coronary a...
Bleomycin
Bleomycin belongs to a group of DNA cleaving antibiotics. Bleomycin's cytotoxicity results from its ability to cause oxidative damage to the deoxyr...
Bortezomid
Bortezomib is a reversible inhibitor of the chymotrypsin-like activity of the 26-S proteasome. It prevents targeted proteolysis that affects multip...
Brimonidine
Brimonidine is a drug used in the treatment of glaucoma. It is a selective α2 adrenergic agonist and is lipophilic, which aids its easy corneal pen...
Bromocriptine
Bromocriptine is an ergot derivative which has a dopaminergic receptor agonistic acivity. This helps in relieving the symptoms of parkinsonism in w...
Budesonide
Budesonide is inhalational steroid used in the treatment of asthma. Aerosol treatment is the most effective way to avoid the systemic adverse effec...
Bupivacaine
Bupivacaine is a widely used local anesthetic. It blocks conduction by decreasing or preventing the large transient increase in the permeability of...
Buspirone
Buspirone is an anxiolytic. It acts via the serotonergic system, where it is a partial agonist at 5-HT1A receptors. It requires chronic treatment f...
Busulphan (Busulfan)
Busulphan is an alkylating agent that interferes with DNA integrity and function and induces cell death in rapidly proliferating tissues. Lethality...
Calcipotriol (Calcipotriene)
Calcipotriol is an analogues of vitamin D that affect cell division and differentiation. It is an active form of vitamin D and used as first-line t...
Calcitriol
Vitamin D requires hydroxylation by the kidney to its active form, therefore the hydroxylated derivativesalfacalcidolorcalcitriolshould be prescrib...
Calcium
Elemental calcium is essential for a variety of micromolecular and macroscopic biological functions. Its ionized form, Ca2+, is an important compon...
Candesartan
Candesartan is an AT1 receptor antagonist used in the treatment of hypertension. It is available in the form of a tablet for oral use.(1)
Capecitabine
Capecitabine is an orally administered prodrug of 5-fluorouracil. Enzymes convert capecitabine to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in vivo. Both normal and tu...
Capreomycin
Capreomycin is antimycobacterial cyclic peptide with antimycobacterial activity and adverse effects similar to that of aminoglycosides. (1)
Captopril
Captopril, the first ACE inhibitor to be marketed, is a potent ACE inhibitor. The hypotensive activity of captopril results both from an inhibitory...
Carbamazepine
Carbamazepine reduces polysynaptic responses and blocks post-tetanic potentiation. It is effective in partial and generalised convulsions as well a...
Carbenicillin
Carbenicillin is one of the first penicillins with activity against P. aeruginosa and some Proteus strains that are resistant to ampicillin. This a...
Carbimazole
Carbimazole is an anti-thyroid drug which depresses the formation of thyroid hormone. It reduces the uptake and concentration of inorganic iodine b...
Carboplatin
Carboplatin is a platinum analogue. It is activated inside the cells by aquation in the presence of low concentrations of chloride. The activated c...
Carboprost
Carboprost is a prostaglandin analogue. It induces contractions in the smooth muscles of the uterus and the gastrointestinal tract. It is used for ...
Carboprost
Carboprost is a prostaglandin analogue. It induces contractions in the smooth muscles of the uterus and the gastrointestinal tract. It is used for ...
Carboxymethylcellulose tears
Carboxymethylcellulose eye drops are used as artificial tears and ophthalmic lubricants. (1)
Carvedilol
Carvedilol is a selective alpha1 -adrenergic and nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agent. It is available for oral use as a tablet.(1)
Cefaclor
Cefaclor is a broad spectrum, second generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It has activity against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Proteus, Haemophilu...
Cefadroxil
Cefadroxil is a first generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It has activity against streptococci (except the penicillin resistant strains) and Stapy...
Cefazolin
Cefazolin is a cephalosporin antibiotic which causes cell wall synthesis inhibition. It’s a first generation cephalosporin active mostly against Gr...
Cefdinir
Cefprozil is a broad spectrum, third generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It has activity against Enterobacteriaceae, Serratia, Neisseria gonorrhoe...
Cefepime
Cefepime  is a fourth-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. Cefepime has an extended spectrum of activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative ba...
Cefepime + tazobactam
Cefepime  is a fourth-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. Cefepime has an extended spectrum of activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative ba...
Cefixime
Cefixime is broad spectrum 3rd generation antibiotic acts by inhibition of cell wall synthesis. It binds to one of the penicillin binding proteins ...
Cefixime + Ofloxacin
Cefixime is broad spectrum 3rd generation antibiotic acts by inhibition of cell wall synthesis. It binds to one of the penicillin binding proteins ...
Cefixime +clavulanic acid
Cefixime is broad spectrum 3rd generation antibiotic acts by inhibition of cell wall synthesis. It binds to one of the penicillin binding proteins ...
Cefoperazone
Cefoperazone is a broad spectrum, third generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It has activity against Enterobacteriaceae, Serratia, Neisseria gonorr...
Cefoperazone and sulbactum
Cefoperazone is a broad spectrum, third generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It has activity against Enterobacteriaceae, Serratia, Neisseria gonorr...
Cefotaxime
Cefotaxime is a broad-spectrum bactericidal cephalosporin antibiotic, exceptionally active in vitro against Gram-negative organisms’ sensitive or r...
Cefotaxime + Sulbactam
Cefotaxime is a bactericidal drug, which inhibits the bacterial wall synthesis of the actively dividing cells by binding to one or more penicillin-...
Cefpirome
This 4th generation cephalosporin is indicated for the treatment of serious and resistant hospital-acquired infections including septica...
Cefpodoxime and clavulanate
Cefpodoxime proxetil is a broad spectrum, third generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It has activity against Enterobacteriaceae, Serratia, Neisseri...
Cefpodoxime proxetil
Cefpodoxime proxetil is a broad spectrum, third generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It has activity against Enterobacteriaceae, Serratia, Neisseri...
Cefprozil
Cefprozil is a broad spectrum, second generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It has activity against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Proteus, Haemophil...
Ceftazidime
Ceftazidime is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. Like other third-generation cephalosporins, it has broad spectrum activity against Gram...
Ceftriaxone + Tazobactam
Ceftriaxone is a broad spectrum 3rd generation cephalosporin which inhibits the cell wall synthesis of bacteria. It exhibit activity gainst Strepto...
Ceftriaxone:
Ceftriaxone is a broad spectrum, third generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It has activity against Enterobacteriaceae, Serratia, Neisseria gonorrh...
Cefuroxime
Cefuroxime and cefuroxime axetil are broad spectrum, second generation cephalosporin antibiotics. They have activity against Escherichia coli, Kleb...
Celecoxib
Celecoxib is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug belonging to the selective cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2) inhibitors class of drugs. It has anti-infla...
Centchroman
Centchroman is a novel non-steroidal agent unrelated to any conventionally used contraceptive. This is the only anti-implantation agent approved fo...
Cephalexin
Cephalexin is a cephalosporin antibiotic which causes cell wall synthesis inhibition. It’s a first generation cephalosporin active mostly against G...
Cephalexin & probenicid
Cephalexin is a cephalosporin antibiotic which causes cell wall synthesis inhibition. It’s a first generation cephalosporin active mostly against G...
Cetrizine
Cetirizine is second generation piperazine antihistaminic agent. It has minimal anticholinergic effects. It also has negligible penetration into th...
Chenodeoxycholic acid
Chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) is a hydrophobic primary bile acid that activates nuclear receptors involved in cholesterol metabolism. Bile- acid con...
Chicken pox vaccine
Varicella vaccine is indicated for active immunization for the prevention of varicella in individuals 12 months of age and older. (1)
Chlorambucil
Chlorambucil is an alkylating agent that interferes with DNA integrity and function and induces cell death in rapidly proliferating tissues. Lethal...
Chlordiazepoxide
Chlordiazepoxide is a benzodiazepine. It promotes the binding of the major inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) to the GABAA subt...
Chlorhexidine
Chlorhexidine is an antiseptic agent which inhibits the growth of microorganisms. It is incompatible with soaps and bicarbonates, chlorides and pho...
Chloroquine
Chloroquine belongs to the 4-aminoquinolines group of anit-malarial drugs. Chloroquine, being a weak base, is concentrated in acidic vacuoles of th...
Chlorpheniramine
Chlorpheniramine is alkylamine antihistaminic. It is among the most potent H1 antagonists. It less prone to produce drowsiness and are more suitabl...
Chlorpromazine
Chlorpromazine is an antipsychotic drug. It belongs to the typical antipsychotic class of drugs which acts by inhibiting the dopamine D2 receptors....
Chlorthalidone
Chlorthalidone is a thiazide like diuretic used in the treatment of hypertension. The initiation mechanism for hypotensive action is decrease in th...
Chlorzoxazone
Chlorzoxazone is a centrally acting muscle relaxant for painful musculoskeletal conditions. Data available from animal experiments as well as human...
Cholera vaccine
Cholera vaccine contains contains killed whole V. cholera O1 bacteria and the recombinant non-toxic B-subunit of the cholera toxin (CTB). Bacterial...
Ciclesonide
A ciclesonide is a inhalational steroid used in treatment of asthma. It is inhaled as a prodrug activated by cleavage by esterases in bronchial epi...
Cilastazol
Cilostazol is an inhibitor of PDE3 and promotes accumulation of intracellular cyclic AMP in many cells, including blood platelets. Cilostazol-media...
Cimetidine
Cimetidine is a H2 receptor antagonist available as a prescription as well as over the counter drug for oral formulations. (1)
Cinnarizine
Cinnarizine has calcium-channel blocking activity selective for arterial smooth muscle. It also has some antihistamine activity. Cinnarizine acts a...
Cinnarizine
Cinnarizine has calcium-channel blocking activity selective for arterial smooth muscle. It also has some antihistamine activity. Cinnarizine acts a...
Ciprofloxacin
Ciprofloxacin is a broad spectrum quinolone with broad antibiotic activity. It has bactericidal activity against E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Ent...
Ciprofloxacin
Ciprofloxacin promotes breakage of double-stranded DNA in susceptible organisms and inhibits DNA gyrase, which is essential in reproduction of bact...
Ciprofloxacin + Tinidazole
Ciprofloxacin is a broad spectrum quinolone with broad antibiotic activity. It has bactericidal activity against E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Ent...
Ciprofloxacin ear drops
Ciprofloxacin is a broad spectrum quinolone with broad antibiotic activity. It has bactericidal activity against E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Ent...
Cisapride
Cisapride has been associated with serious cardiac arrhythmias, including ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, torsades de pointes, a...
Cisplatin
Cisplatin is a platinum analogue. It is activated inside the cells by aquation in the presence of low concentrations of chloride. The activated cis...
Citalopram
Citalopram is an orally administered selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) with a chemical structure unrelated to that of other SSRI’s or o...
Clarithromycin
Clarithromycin belongs to the macrolide group of antibiotics. It is active against H.influenza and is comparatively more active than erythromycin a...
Clobazam
Clobazam is a benzodiazepine available for oral use as a tablet and a suspension. It acts on the BZD-chloride channel which causes hyperpolarizatio...
Clobazam
Clobazam is a benzodiazepine. It promotes the binding of the major inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) to the GABAA subtype of G...
Clobetasol
Clobetasol is a very potent corticosteroid used in short-term treatment of various inflammatory skin conditions. (1,2,3)
Clofazimine
Clofazimine is a phenazine dye. Its mechanism of action is unknown but may involve DNA binding. One of the characteristics of this drug is its ac...
Clomipramine
Clomipramine is an antiobsessional drug that belongs to the class (dibenzazepine) of pharmacologic agents known as tricyclic antidepressants. TCAs ...
Clonazepam
Clonazepam is an effective anticonvulsant. It raises the threshold for propagation of seizure activity and prevents generalisation of focal or loca...
Clonidine
Clonidine is a centrally acting adrenergic alpha agonist, available for oral use as a tablet, for epidural injection, as a transdermal patch and as...
Clopidogrel
Clopidogrel is an inhibitor of the receptors P2Y12 present on the platelets. It is a prodrug and decreases platelet aggregation. It is used in pati...
Clotrimazole
Clotrimazole is an imidazole anti- fungal drug. It inhibits of 14-α-sterol demethylase, a microsomal CYP and impairs the biosynthesis of ergosterol...
Cloxacillin
Cloxacillin is a semisynthetic penicillin which is a potent inhibitor of penicillinase producing staphylococci. They are less active as compared to...
Clozapine
Clozapine is an antipsychotic drug and it is the only drug in this class which has shown to have decreased the risk of suicide in patients. It acts...
Colchicine
Colchicine has antimitotic effects, arresting cell division in G1 by interfering with microtubule and spindle formation. This effect is greatest on...
Crotamiton
Crotamiton is an anti-scabicidal agent. It can be used in those individuals in whom lindane or permethrin is contraindicated. (1)
Cyanocobalamin
Vitamin B12 is essential to growth, cell reproduction, hematopoiesis, and nucleoprotein and myelin synthesis. Cyanocobalamin is the most widely use...
Cyclophosphamide
Cyclophosphamide is an alkylating agent that interferes with DNA integrity and function and induces cell death in rapidly proliferating tissues. Le...
Cycloserine
Cycloserine is a broad spectrum antibiotic with activity against M. tuberculosis, MAC, enterococci, E. coli, S. aureus, Nocardia species, and Chlam...
Cyclosporine
Cyclosporine is a calcineurin inhibitor which is more effective against T cell–dependent immune mechanisms such as those underlying transplant reje...
Cynocobalamin
Cyanocobalamin is a cofactor required for essential enzymatic reactions that form tetrahydrofolate, convert homocysteine to methionine, and metabol...
Cyproheptadine
Cyroheptadine is an effective H1receptor antagonist whose structure resembles that of phenothiazine. It has prominent 5-HT blocking activity on smo...
Cytarabine
Cytarabine is a deoxyribonucleotide analogue. It readily enters tumor cells, becomes activated by intracellular enzyme, gets incorporated into DNA ...
Dacarbazine
Dacarbazine is an alkylating agent that interferes with DNA integrity and function and induces cell death in rapidly proliferating tissues. Lethali...
Dactinomycin
Dactinomycin can bind with double-helical DNA and this property is responsible for its biological activity and cytotoxicity. It inhibits rapidly pr...
Danazol
Danazol suppresses the pituitary-ovarian axis by reducing the release of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone. This causes the regr...
Dapsone
Dapsone is a macrolide antibiotic which is bacteriostatic for Mycobacterium leprae, MAC and M.kansasii. It is also highly effective against Plasmod...
Darifenacin
Darifenacin is a muscarinic receptor antagonist. It is selective for the M3 muscarinic receptors with very minimal activity at the M1 receptors whi...
Dasatinib
Dasatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is licensed for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukaemia in those who have resistance to or intolerance o...
Daunorubicin
Daunorubicin is an anthracycline. It can intercalate with DNA, directly affecting transcription and replication. It has the ability to form a tripa...
Deferasirox
Deferasirox orally administered iron chelator for treatment of hemochromatosis. It is sometimes the only option for iron overload that cannot be ma...
Demeclocycline
Democlocycline acts by inhibiting protein synthesis in sensitive bacteria.  It is a bacteriostatic antibiotic, which inhibits the growth of Legione...
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid which decreases inflammation by inhibiting the migration of leukocytes and reversal of increased capill...
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid which decreases inflammation by inhibiting the migration of leukocytes and reversal of increased capill...
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid which decreases inflammation by inhibiting the migration of leukocytes and reversal of increased capill...
Dextran
Dextrans produce expansion of plasma volume. It also reduces blood viscosity and inhibits sludging or aggregation of red blood cells. (1,2,3)
Dextrose with normal saline
Dextrose and sodium chloride solutions are used as sources of electrolytes, calories and water for hydration. Sodium and chloride ions are responsi...
Diazepam
Diazepam is a benzodiazepine. It promotes the binding of the major inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) to the GABAA subtype of G...
Diclofenac
Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. It has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic activities. It exhibits its action by in...
Dicloxacillin
Dicloxacillin is a semisynthetic penicillin which is a potent inhibitor of penicillinase producing staphylococci. They are less active as compared ...
Dicyclomine
Dicyclomine is an antispasmodics work primarily through anticholinergic activities. It inhibits muscarinic cholinergic receptors in the enteric ple...
Dicyclomine
Dicyclomine is a non- specific antagonist of the muscarinic receptors. It has nonspecific direct spasmolytic effects on smooth muscle of the GI tra...
Dicyclomine
Dicyclomine is an antispasmodics work primarily through anticholinergic activities. It inhibits muscarinic cholinergic receptors in the enteric ple...
Didanosine
Didanosine is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor which is a purine analogue. It is active against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1,2) ...
Diethyl carbamazine
Diethylcarbamazine is a synthetic piperazine derivative and is drug of choice in the treatment of filariasis, loiasis, and tropical eosinophilia.
Digoxin
Digoxin is a drug used for increasing the cardiac contractility in condition of heart failure. It inhibits the sodium-potassium channel on the hear...
Diloxanide furoate
Diloxanide furoate is a derivative of dichloroacetamide. It is a luminal antibiotic. It is very effective in the treatment of luminal E. histolytic...
Diloxanide furoate
Diloxanide furoate is a derivative of dichloroacetamide. It is a luminal antibiotic. It is very effective in the treatment of luminal E. histolytic...
Diltiazem
Diltiazem relaxes coronary vascular smooth muscles by inhibiting influx of calcium ions during depolarisation of the vascular smooth muscles and my...
Dimenhydrinate
Dimenhydrinate is a first generation histamine H1 receptor antagonist. It is a combination of diphenhydramine and 8-chlorotheophylline. It depresse...
Dinoprostone
Dinoprostone is a prostaglandin PGE2 analogue. It induces contractions in the smooth muscles of the uterus and the gastrointestinal tract. It is us...
Dinoprostone
Dinoprostone is a prostaglandin PGE2 analogue. It induces contractions in the smooth muscles of the uterus and the gastrointestinal tract. It is us...
Diphenhydramine
Diphenhydramine hydrochloride is is a first-generation H1 antihistamines with anticholinergic (drying) and sedative side effects. It crosses the bl...
Diphenoxylate
Diphenoxylate is a meperidine congener. It inhibits gastrointestinal propulsion through a direct action on the smooth muscle, resulting in a decrea...
Diphtheria antitoxin
Diphtheria antitoxin is prepared from the plasma or serum of healthy horses immunized against diphtheria toxin or diphtheria toxoid. Diphtheria ant...
Disopyramide
Disopyramide is an anti-arrhythmic drug. It is an inhibitor of the sodium channel and has a prominent anticholinergic effect which is responsible f...
Divalpreox
Divalproex contains sodium valproate and valproic acid in 1:1 molar relationship. This complex dissociates into valproate ion in the gastrointestin...
Dobutamine
Dobutamine is a β receptor agonist used in the treatment of systolic congestive heart failure. It increases the stroke volume and decreases the per...
Dobutamine
Dobutamine is a β receptor agonist used in the treatment of systolic congestive heart failure. It increases the stroke volume and decreases the per...
Docetaxel
Docetaxel is a semisynthetic taxane. Docetaxel, somewhat more soluble than paclitaxel, is administered in polysorbate 80 and is associated with a l...
Domperidone
Domperidone is an antiemetic drug. It is a dopamine receptor antagonist. It inhibits the dopamine receptors present in the chemoreceptor trigger zo...
Donepezil
Donepezil is a reversible, noncompetitive inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase enzyme.(1)
Dopamine
Dopamine is an endogenous catecholamine which can also be used by intravenous administration in the treatment of cardiogenic circulatory failure. T...
Dopamine
Dopamine is an endogenous catecholamine which can also be used by intravenous administration in the treatment of cardiogenic circulatory failure. T...
Doripenem
Doripenem is similar to imipenem but have slightly greater activity against gram-negative aerobes and slightly less activity against gram- positive...
Dorzolamide
Acetazolamide belongs to the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor class of drugs. It inhibits the aqueous humor producing structure in the eye. This result...
Doxorubicin
Daunorubicin is an anthracycline. It can intercalate with DNA, directly affecting transcription and replication. It has the ability to form a tripa...
Doxycycline
Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic with activity against a wide range of aerobic and anaerobic gram positive and gram negative bacteria. It h...
Drotaverine
Drotaverine is an antispasmodic drug, structurally related to papaverine. Drotaverine is a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4, and has no a...
Drotaverine
Drotaverin is a non- specific antagonist of the muscarinic receptors. It is used as an anti- spasmodic. It is available for use as a tablet and inj...
Drotaverine
Drotaverine is an antispasmodic drug, structurally related to papaverine. Drotaverine is a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4, and has no a...
Dual antigen (Adsorbed diphtheria and tetanus toxoid)
Adsorbed diphtheria and tetanus toxoid is a vaccine indicated for active immunization against diphtheria and tetanus. Diphtheria and tetanus toxoid...
Dutasteride
Finasteride is a 5α reductase inhibitor and inhibits both type I and type II of the enzyme. It opposes the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotes...
Ebastine
Ebastine is a newer second generation antihistaminic, it rapidly gets converted to the active metabolite carebastine.  Ebastine and its active meta...
Econazole vaginal cream
Econazole is an anti-fungal agent used for topical application. It easily penetrates the stratum corneum and effective concentrations are seen upto...
Efavirenz
Efavirenz is a non nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) used in the treatment of infection of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It ...
Enalapril
Enalaprilis an oral prodrug that is converted by hydrolysis to a converting enzyme inhibitor, enalaprilat, with effects similar to those of captopr...
Enoxaparin
Enoxaparin is a low molecular weight heparin and an indirect thrombin inhibitor but with a more predictable anticoagulant response precluding the n...
Entacapone
Entacapone is an inhibitor of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). It is used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease as an adjuvant to the car...
Entecavir
Entecavir is a guanosine nucleoside analog which inhibits all three activities of the HBV polymerase (reverse transcriptase):base priming, reverse ...
Epirubicin
Epirubicin is an anthracycline. It can intercalate with DNA, directly affecting transcription and replication. It has the ability to form a tripart...
Ergometrine
Ergometrine is obtained from ergot and has all the desirable oxytocic properties of ergot. It produces firm uterine contraction. A series of contra...
Ergotamine
Ergotamine was the first amongst the ergot alkaloids to be isolated. The action of ergotamine at 5-HT1B/1D receptors likely mediate their acute ant...
Erlotinib
Erlotinib is a quinazolinamine inhibitor of HER1/EGFR tyrosine kinase. Erlotinib reversibly inhibits the kinase activity of EGFR, preventing autoph...
Erythromycin
Erythromycin is a macrolide antibiotic. It usually has bacteriostatic activity, however higher concentrations are bactericidal against susceptible ...
Erythropoietin
Epoetins (recombinant human erythropoietins) are used to treat symptomatic anaemia associated with erythropoietin deficiency in chronic renal failu...
Escitalopram
Escitalopram is an orally administered selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Escitalopram is the pure S-enantiomer (single isomer) of the ...
Esomeprazole
Omeprazole is an inhibitor of the gastric H+, K+-ATPase (proton pump) and is one of the most potent suppressor of gastric acid secretion. Esomepraz...
Estramustine
Estramustine (EMCYT) is a combination of estradiol coupled to normustine (nornitrogen mustard) through a carbamate link. It binds to β- tubulin and...
Eszopiclone
Eszopiclone is an S-enantiomer of zopiclone; a nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic of the cyclopyrrolone class. It is structurally unrelated to pyrazolopyri...
Etanercept
Etanercept is a dimeric soluble form of the p75 TNF receptor that can bind TNF molecules. Etanercept inhibits binding of TNF-alpha and TNF-alpha (l...
Ethambutol & Isoniazid
Ethambutol has activity against a wide range of mycobacteria but has no activity against any other genus. Isoniazid is the primary drug used in th...
Ethamsylate
Ethamsylate is an haemostatic drug which reduces capillary bleeding in the presence of a normal number of platelets.It does not act by fibrin stabi...
Ethionamide
Ethionamide is a congener of thioisonicotinamide with activity more against photochromogenic mycobacteria. (1)
Ethmbutol
Ethambutol has activity against a wide range of mycobacteria but has no activity against any other genus. (1)
Ethosuximide
Ethosuximide is used mainly in the management of absence (petite mal) seizures. It is usually ineffective in the management of partial seizures wit...
Etoposide
Etoposide is an epipodophyllotoxin that forms a ternary complex with topoisomerase II and DNA and prevent resealing of the break that normally foll...
Exemestane
Exemestane is an irreversible selective aromatase inhibitor which acts as a false substrate for the aromatase enzyme, forming an intermediate that ...
Exenitide
Exenatide is an incretin mimic that acts as an agonist at glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor. It increases glucose-dependent insulin secretio...
Ezetimibe
Ezetimibe is the first member of a group of drugs that inhibit intestinal absorption of phytosterols and cholesterol. It’s primary clinical effect ...
Famciclovir
Famciclovir is an antiviral drug which is a prodrug of penciclovir. Once it is converted into penciclovir it achieves high intracellular concentrat...
Famotidine
Famotidine is a H2 receptor antagonist available as a prescription as well as over the counter drug for oral formulations. It is safer due to minim...
Fat
Febuxostat
Febuxostat is a non-purine inhibitor of xanthine oxidase. It forms a stable complex with both the reduced and oxidized enzyme and inhibits catalyti...
Fenofibrate
Fenofibrate is a lipid regulating agent. It decreases levels of VLDL and, in some patients, LDL as well. It functions primarily as ligands for the ...
Fentanyl
Fentanyl is a potent opioid analgesic that increases pain threshold, alters pain reception and inhibits ascending pain pathways by binding to stere...
Fexofenadine
Fexofenadine is Second-Generation Piperidines antihistamine with selective peripheral H1-receptor antagonist activity. It is highly selective for H...
Filgrastim
Filgrastim is recombinant human granulocyte -colony stimulating factor. The principal action of filgrastim is the stimulation of CFU-G to increase ...
Finasteride
Finasteride is a synthetic 4-azasteroid compound, is a specific inhibitor of steroid Type II 5α-reductase, an intracellular enzyme that converts th...
Finasteride
Finasteride is a 5α reductase inhibitor. It is a more selectively inhibitor of the type II 5α reductase enzyme. It opposes the conversion of testos...
Flavoxate
Flavoxate hydrochloride is a drug with direct spasmolytic actions on smooth muscle, especially of the urinary tract. Flavoxate also has weak antihi...
Fluconazole
Fluconazole is a fluorinated bistriazole belonging to the antifungal group of antibiotics. Fluconazole belong to the triazole group of antifungals....
Fluconazole
Fluconazole is fungistatic in action. The drug inhibits cytochrome P-450 14-alfa demethylase in susceptible fungi which leads to alteration of cell...
Fluconazole
Fluconazole is a fluorinated bistriazole belonging to the antifungal group of antibiotics. Fluconazole belong to the triazole group of antifungals....
Fludarabine
Fludarabine is a deoxyribonucleotide analogue. It readily enters tumor cells, becomes activated by intracellular enzyme, gets incorporated into DNA...
Fludrocortisone
Fludrocortisone is a synthetic corticosteroid with moderate glucocorticoid potency and much greater mineralocorticoid potency.(1,2)
Flunarizine
Flunarizine is a non-selective calcium channel blocker.(1)
Fluocinolone
Fluocinolone has local anti-inflammatory action, immunosuppressant and antimitotic actions. <1% of the applied steroid is absorbed. The rest is sto...
Fluoxetine
Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) having primary action the inhibition of the serotonin transporter (SERT).
Flurbiprofen
Flurbiprofen is a propionic acid derivative. The pharmacological properties, therapeutic indications, and adverse effects of orally administered fl...
Flutamide
Flutamide is a nonsteroidal anti-androgen taken orally and inhibit ligand binding and consequent AR translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus...
Fluticasone
Fluticasone utilises a fluorocarbothioate ester linkage at the C17 position. It has potent vasoconstrictive and anti-inflammatory activity, but wea...
Fluvastatin
Fluvastatin is a structural analogs of HMG-CoA (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A). It is most effective in reducing LDL. Other effects include...
Fluvoxamine
Fluvoxamine is a selective serotonin re- uptake inhibitor (SSRI). It blocks the reuptake and results in enhanced and prolonged serotonergic neurotr...
Folic Acid
Folic acid is pteroylglutamic acid. It is involved in vital biochemical reactions like conversion of homocystein to methionine, conversion of Homoc...
Fondaparinux sodium
Fondaparinux, an analog of the pentasaccharide sequence in heparin or LMWHs that mediates their interaction with antithrombin, has only anti-factor...
Formestane
Formestane has anti-oestrogenic properties as seen in the inhibition of the oestrogen synthetase (aromatase) system which is essential in the produ...
Formestane
Formestane has anti-oestrogenic properties as seen in the inhibition of the oestrogen synthetase (aromatase) system which is essential in the produ...
Formoterol
Formoterol is a long acting, selective β2 sympathomimetic. It relaxes bronchial smooth muscles, without causing undue cardiac stimulation. It is av...
Fosphenytoin
It is a prodrug intended for parenteral administration; its active metabolite is phenytoin. 1.5 mg of fosphenytoin sodium is equivalent to 1 mg phe...
Fulvestrant
Fulvestrant is a selective estrogen receptor down-regulator (SERD). Fulvestrant is indicated for the treatment of hormone receptor positive metasta...
Furosemide
Furosemide is a loop diuretic which is a high ceiling diuretic. It inhibits the sodium-potassium-chloride channel in the loop of henle of the nephr...
Gabapentine
Gabapentin is structurally related to the neurotransmitter GABA but is neither a GABA agonist nor antagonist. Gabapentin-binding sites have been id...
Galantamine
Galantamine is a competitive, reversible antagonist of acetylcholinesterase.(1)
Gamma Benzene Hexachloride
Gamma Benzene Hexachloride is an agent active against Sarcoptes scabiei which is the mite responsible for causing scabies. (1)
Gammaglobulin
Nanofiltered, Immune Globulin Intravenous (Human), is a sterile, highly purified polyvalent antibody product containing in concentrated form all th...
Ganciclovir
Ganciclovir is an antiviral drug which is a structural analogue of guanine nucleoside. It is active against all herpes viruses and is specially act...
Ganirelix
Ganirelix is a Gonadotropin releasing hormone i.e GnRh antagonist available as a subcutaneous injection. Ganirelix Acetate acts by competitively bl...
Gas gangrene antitoxin
Treatment of gas gangrene is primarily surgical debridement with antibiotics like penicillin and clindamycin. The effectiveness of antitoxin therap...
Gefitinib
Gefitinib was identified through screens that demonstrated its inhibition of EGFR tyrosine kinase activity and ability to kill EGFR-dependent cell ...
Gemcitabine
Gemcitabine is a synthetic pyrimidine nucleoside and cytarabine analogue which is metabolised intracellularly to active diphosphate and triphosphat...
Gemfibrozil
Gemfibrozil is a lipid regulating agent. It decreases levels of VLDL and, in some patients, LDL as well. It functions primarily as ligands for the ...
Gentamicin
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. It has activity against aerobic gram negative bacteria like Citrobacter fundii, E. coli, Enterobacter s...
Gentamicin
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. It has activity against aerobic gram negative bacteria like Citrobacter fundii, E. coli, Enterobacter s...
Gentamicin ophthalmic drops/ eye ointment
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. It is bactericidal in nature. The bacterial killing is concentration dependent. Gentamicin disrupts the...
Gliclazide
Gliclazide stimulates insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells, reduces hepatic gluconeogenesis, and lowers blood glucose concentrations. It also ...
Gliclazide and metformin
Gliclazide stimulates insulin release from pancreatic β-cells and reduces gluconeogenesis in liver cells. It also increases insulin sensitivity at ...
Glimepiride
Glimepiride stimulates the insulin release from functioning pancreatic β-cells and inhibits gluconeogenesis at hepatic cells. It also increases ins...
Glimepiride and metformin
Glimepiride stimulates the insulin release from functioning pancreatic β-cells and inhibits gluconeogenesis at hepatic cells. It also increases ins...
Glipizide
Glipizide stimulates insulin release from pancreatic β-cells and reduces gluconeogenesis in liver cells. It also increases insulin sensitivity at t...
Glipizide and metformin
Glipizide stimulates insulin release from pancreatic β-cells and reduces gluconeogenesis in liver cells. It also increases insulin sensitivity at t...
Glucagon
Glucagon is a polypeptide that is produced by α cells of islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. It acts by stimulating adenylate cyclase to produce ...
Glyceryl trinitrate
Glyceryl trinitrate acts on the enzyme nitric oxide stimulating guanylate cyclase in the vascular smooth muscle cells resulting in the relaxation o...
Gonadotropin (LH)
Luteinizing hormone is a gonadotropin which belongs to the glycoprotein family of pituitary hormones. LH is synthesized and secreted by gonadotrope...
Goserelin
Goserrelin is a synthetic GnRH analog. It binds to GnRH receptors on pituitary gonadotropin-producing cells, causing an initial release of both LH ...
Granisetron
Granisetron is an anti-emetic drug which is a serotonin 5HT3 receptor antagonist. Serotonin is released in the small intestine in response to chemo...
Griseofulvin
Griseofulvin is an antifungal agent. It interferes with the mitotic process and disrupts the microtubule function of the dividing fungi. It is acti...
Haloperidol
Haloperidol is a butyrophenone. It is a potent D2 antagonist and is a typical or ‘first generation’ anti- psychotic. It is available for oral and ...
Halothane
Halothane is a volatile liquid at room temperature and must be stored in a sealed container. Because halothane is a light-sensitive compound that a...
Hcg
Hemophilus B conjugate vaccine
Hemophilus B conjugate vaccine consists of Hemophilus influenzae polysaccharide conjugated to tetanus toxoid protein. (1)
Heparin
Heparin is an indirect thrombin inhibitor and its action is mediated through interaction with antithrombin. It is available as unfractionated hepar...
Hepatitis A vaccine
Hepatitis A vaccine contains live inactivated hepatitis A virus. (1)
Hepatitis B vaccine
Hepatitis B is caused by